What is SCRUM?

SCRUM is an agile framework for project management, emphasizing iterative progress, collaboration, and adaptability. It provides a structured yet flexible approach to complex work.

Key Concepts of SCRUM

Sprints: The work is structured into fixed-duration iterations known as sprints, typically spanning 2-4 weeks. This time-boxed methodology encourages consistent deliverables and fosters a culture of continuous improvement.

Product Owner: The Product Owner serves as the representative of stakeholders and bears the responsibility of defining and prioritizing product features. Their role involves ensuring that the team focuses on high-priority tasks that align with the overarching business goals.

Scrum Master: The Scrum Master functions as a facilitator and coach, ensuring adherence to the Scrum process. Their responsibilities include removing impediments, promoting collaboration, and assisting the team in ongoing improvements.

SCRUM Framework Components

Daily Stand-ups: Daily stand-up meetings, or daily scrums, are brief sessions where team members share updates on progress, discuss challenges, and plan for the day. These enhance communication and alignment.

Backlog: The product backlog is a prioritized list of features, enhancements, and bug fixes. It’s dynamic, evolving as priorities change, and serves as a guide for the team’s work.

Burndown Chart: A visual representation of work completed over time, the burndown chart helps the team track progress within a sprint and adapt plans if needed.


Cross-Functional Teams: This methodology encourages cross-functional teams, where members possess diverse skills. This ensures self-sufficiency and the ability to complete tasks without external dependencies.

Iterative Development: This methodology promotes iterative development, allowing for regular inspection and adaptation. This agile principle enables the team to refine and adjust based on feedback.

What are the benefits?

Flexibility: Its adaptability allows teams to respond to changing requirements quickly. It embraces uncertainty, making it suitable for projects with evolving needs.

Customer Satisfaction: With continuous feedback and collaboration, aligns development with customer expectations, leading to higher satisfaction and successful product delivery.

When to Use?

Complex Projects: This is ideal for complex projects where requirements may evolve. Its iterative nature accommodates changes, fostering a more responsive development process.

Collaborative Environments: Teams seeking a collaborative, communicative environment find Scrum effective. Regular meetings and open communication channels are key components.

Further resources on SCRUM:

  1. Scrum Alliance
  2. Atlassian – Scrum Guide
  3. Mountain Goat Software – Overview
  4. Scrum.org – Guide

Explore more about different process improvement terms in our BPM Glossary.

Louie A

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Louie A

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